Starting Your Landscape
These painting examples are done by Red Dot students, except for Phyllis Shafer.
Start at the top
This will keep your hands out of wet paint.
Strokes in all directions
Keep your strokes mottled. Don't smooth too much.
Skies are not too dark
Even if a photo shows a very dark blue sky, it tends to look like nighttime in a painting. Use white to keep your skies subdued. Usually!
No Straight Green
Almost never use green straight out of the tube. Even with brighter greens, in a landscape painting the color will look garish and distracting. Add ochres and umbers (at least) to neutralize a straight green. You can mix just any color with green and get a different version of green. (See Phyllis Schafer’s work below.)
Objects will usually have a dark and light side, just like the spheres and the fruit. They may be rendered with different textures.
Soften your edges
Like with the fruit painting, smooth or blur the edges slightly between objects.
Grass or foliage is larger and more detailed in the foreground, and gets smaller and more general as it recedes toward the horizon.
Straight line horizon
A large body of water (or sometimes a big field) has a very straight line on the horizon.